The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) recently demonstrated a solar hybrid electric car at Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) in Thiruvananthapuram. ISRO said this car was developed using in-house expertise and resources within the organization. The demonstration of the car including the uphill drive was held during the last week of March 2017. VSSC is ISRO’s lead space research centre responsible for the design and development of launch vehicle technology. The centre’s major programs include Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) and the Reusable Launch Vehicles. “Vehicles using fossil fuels persistently bring serious problems to environment and life. Research and development activities constantly emphasize the acute need to develop high-efficiency, clean and safe transportation systems. Hence, the ideal transportation system should envisage zero-emission without any pollution” ISRO said. The electric car runs on high-energy lithium ion batteries and following this successful demonstration, the organization is now exploring ways to reduce the car costs indigenous Li-ion pouch cells/Fuel cell along with Super-capacitor and an electric motor. “Solar and Electrical energy based hybrid vehicles provide the most effective and viable long-term solution by using renewable energy sources for mobility.” the organization said. Other technologies that went into the electric car include a solar panel to suit the rooftop of car, an integral gear box, a conversion kit to fit the electric motor into an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) based vehicle and control electronics for the battery and solar panel interface.